Overview of formal communications

9.1This chapter describes the types of formal communication between the Crown and Parliament and between the two Houses. In relation to communications from the Crown to Parliament, the chapter considers:

  1. Communications by messages under the sign manual;
  2. The signification of the Queen's pleasure;
  3. The notification of the Queen's recommendation;
  4. The signification of the Queen's consent to Bills.

It also describes how certain communications from the Crown are acknowledged. It then turns to communications to the Crown originating in Parliament, principally Addresses to the Crown. Finally, it describes formal communications between the two Houses in the form of messages.

The procedures for communicating the Royal Assent to bills agreed to by both Houses are described at paras 30.36–30.40.