Effect of prorogation

8.6The effect of a prorogation is at once to suspend business, including committee proceedings, until Parliament shall be summoned again, and to end the sittings of Parliament. Most proceedings still pending at a prorogation are quashed (eg questions to Ministers, notices of motions, public bills not subject to ‘carry-over’ orders).1 Some, however, may be suspended and continued with in the new session by decision of either or both Houses, and others (eg delegated legislation) continue without intervention. In both Houses, private and hybrid bills are regularly suspended from one session to another. In the House of Commons, public bills may also be carried over by order from one session to another, subject to certain restrictions.2 The Lords have also endorsed the carry-over of public bills in certain circumstances.3


  1. Impeachments by the Commons were not quashed at the end of the session, see 2 Hatsell 336n.
  2. SO No 80A, which replaced a Sessional Order introduced first on 29 October 2002.
  3. Procedure Committee, Third Report (HL 106 (1997–98)), Fifth Report (HL 148 (2001–02)); LJ (1997–98) 817–18 and 862; HL Deb (2001–02) 638, c 508; in the Lords the procedure is based on guidance issued pursuant to the adoption by the House of the Fifth Report of the Procedure Committee (HL 148 (2001–02)) on 24 July 2002.