Bills founded upon financial resolutions

28.3In certain circumstances a bill cannot be introduced without prior agreement of financial resolutions.

The procedure for the introduction of bills upon financial resolutions is now most commonly exemplified by Supply and Appropriation Bills (see paras 34.3534.39 ), which are founded upon Supply resolutions, and by Finance Bills and other taxing bills, which are founded upon Ways and Means resolutions (see paras 36.2936.30 ).

Under Standing Order No 50 a bill the main object of which is to create a charge by way of expenditure, but which has not been brought in upon financial resolutions, may, if presented by a Minister, be proceeded with in the same manner as a bill which involves a charge subsidiary to its main purpose, with the charge being authorised only after the bill has received its second reading.1 Similarly, under Standing Order No 80 a bill the main object of which is the imposition or alteration of a charge, other than a bill of aids and supplies, may be brought from the Lords and proceeded with in the House of Commons providing that it is taken charge of by a Minister.2

In addition to financial resolutions, a bill may also be founded upon procedure or Money resolutions which further define its content.3 When resolutions have been agreed to, a bill may be ordered to be brought in upon some of the resolutions and another bill upon other resolutions,4 and two bills have been ordered to be brought in upon the same resolution.5 When a bill which has been brought in on resolutions is withdrawn, and it is desired to bring in another bill of the same nature, the resolutions on which the first bill was founded are again read, and another bill is ordered to be brought in on these and, if necessary, further resolutions.6 Similarly, when a bill founded on resolutions had received the Royal Assent, and it was desired to introduce another bill on the same subject, one of the original resolutions was again read, and the second bill was ordered to be brought in.7

Bills designed to make financial provision for the honour and dignity of the Crown and the royal family are brought in on resolution, following a message from the Sovereign (see paras 9.2, 34.42 ).


  1. 1. For example, Votes and Proceedings, 16 November 2016. Bills introduced under this Standing Order bear the words ‘This Bill was presented under SO No 50’ at the top of the first page of the text of the bill (see also para 35.24 ).
  2. 2. CJ (1972–73) 154; ibid (1975–76) 327; ibid (1985–86) 133; ibid (1987–88) 253; ibid (2001–02) 149.
  3. 3. Procedure resolutions are most commonly adopted in the case of Finance Bills, for example Votes and Proceedings, 22 March 2016. See also para 36.39. For Money Resolutions among founding resolutions, see Gas Levy Bill, CJ (1980–81) 118 and Taxation (Cross-border Trade) Bill (2017–19), Votes and Proceedings, 20 November 2017. See also para 36.30.
  4. 4. CJ (1825) 471, 476; ibid (1847–48) 981; ibid (1924–25) 45; ibid (1974–75) 68, 69.
  5. 5. CJ (1873) 249.
  6. 6. CJ (1856) 126; ibid (1857) 185; ibid (1884–85) 264, 306; ibid (1944–45) 117, 138; ibid (1967–68) 65, 93, 96; ibid (2004–05) 291, 314.
  7. 7. Telephone Transfer and Telephone Transfer Amendment Bills, CJ (1911) 292, 523.