26.13A commencement provision describes when a bill (if enacted) or provisions within a bill have effect as law. Provision for the commencement of the bill (if enacted) is also often made in the last clause. A bill may be expressed to come into effect at the expiration of a certain period after Royal Assent, or in accordance with commencement regulations made by a Minister. Different commencement arrangements may be made for different provisions in the bill. In the absence of any commencement provision, the bill comes into effect on receiving Royal Assent. See also para 30.76.